Coronavirus & Business Support

The Coronavirus aka Covid-19 pandemic has changed daily life as we know it and thrown everyone into a period of uncertainty.

In light of these circumstances, we have gathered together useful information for financial support that is available if you are self-employed or a business owner who will be impacted and need support during these difficult times.

Firstly, the UK Governments own webpage for financial support available to businesses can be accessed here: https://www.businesssupport.gov.uk/coronavirus-business-support/

So what help is available? Read on for a helpful summary of each scheme valid at the time of writing (4th April 2020)

Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme

The Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme supports small and medium-sized businesses, with an annual turnover of up to £45m, to access loans, overdrafts, invoice finance and asset finance of up to £5 million for up to six years.

The scheme will be delivered through commercial lenders, backed by the Government-owned British Business Bank which will provide lenders with a guarantee of 80% on each loan (subject to a per-lender cap on claims). The government will also make a Business Interruption Payment to cover the first 12 months of interest payment and any lender-levied fees, so businesses will benefit from no upfront costs and lower initial repayments.

There are 40 accredited lenders able to offer the scheme, including all the major banks.


Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme

Under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, all UK employers with a PAYE scheme that was created and started on or before 28 February 2020, will be able to access support to continue paying part of their employees’ salary for those that would otherwise have been laid off during this crisis. 
This applies to employees who have been asked to stop working, but who are being kept on the pay roll, otherwise described as ‘furloughed workers’. HMRC will pay employers a grant worth 80% of an employee’s usual wage costs, up to £2,500 a month, plus the associated Employer National Insurance contributions and minimum automatic enrolment employer pension contributions on that subsidized wage. This is to safeguard workers from being made redundant. The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme will cover the cost of wages backdated to March 1st if applicable and is initially open for 3 months, but will be extended if necessary.

HMRC are currently working to set up a system to pay these grants which they aim to get done before the end of April.

Self-employment Income Support Scheme

The Self-employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS) will support self-employed individuals (including members of partnerships) whose income has been negatively impacted by COVID-19. The scheme will provide a grant to self-employed individuals or partnerships, worth 80% of their profits up to a cap of £2,500 per month.

HMRC will use the average profits from tax returns in 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19 to calculate the size of the grant. The scheme will be open to those where the majority of their income comes from self-employment and who have profits of less than £50,000. The scheme will be open for an initial three months with people able to make their first claim by the beginning of June.

HMRC have stated that individuals should not contact them now as they will use existing information to check potential eligibility and invite applications once the scheme is operational. HMRC will then pay the grant directly to eligible claimants’ bank account with grants expected to start to be paid out by beginning of June 2020. For eligible individuals who have not submitted their returns for 2018-19, they will have 4 weeks’ notice from the date of the announcement to file their returns and therefore become eligible for this scheme.

Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan Scheme

The Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CLBILS) will provide a government guarantee of 80% to enable banks to make loans of up to £25m to firms with an annual turnover of between £45m and £500m. Facilities backed by a guarantee under CLBILS will be offered at commercial rates of interest.
The scheme is expected to be delivered through commercial lenders. The Government will provide lenders with an 80% guarantee on individual loans for businesses that would be otherwise unable to access the finance they need but businesses would remain responsible for repaying any facility they may takeout.

Lenders will still be expected to conduct their usual credit risk checks, but this scheme allows them to specifically support business that were viable before the COVID-19 outbreak but are facing significant cash flow difficulties, that would otherwise make their business unviable in the short term.

The new scheme will launch later this month and will support a wide range of businesses to access finance products including short term loans, overdrafts, invoice finance and asset finance.

Business Rates Holiday for Retail, Hospitality & Leisure Businesses

Businesses in the retail, hospitality and leisure sectors in England will not have to pay business rates for the 2020-21 tax year. 1. Local authorities will apply the business rates holiday to your bills. For more information please check the guidance on gov.uk.
You can estimate the business rate charge using the business rates calculator.

You will be eligible if:

1. Your business is based in England*, AND

2. Your business is in the retail, hospitality and/or leisure sector. Properties that will benefit from the relief will be those that are wholly or mainly being used:

a. as shops, restaurants, cafes, drinking establishments, cinemas and live music venues,

b. for assembly and leisure; or

c. and hospitality such as hotels, guest and boarding premises and self-catering accommodation. 


Cash Grant for Retail, Hospitality & Leisure Businesses

If your business is in the retail, hospitality or leisure sector, you will receive a cash grant of up to £25,000 per property.
Businesses in these sectors with a property that has a rateable value of £15,000 and under may be eligible for a grant of £10,000 & those with a property that has a rateable value of over £15,000 and less than £51,000 may be eligible for a grant of £25,000. Businesses with a rateable value of £51,000 or over are not eligible for this scheme.

Eligible businesses will be contacted by their local authority, though some local authorities have decided to operate an applications process. Any enquiries on eligibility for, or provision of, the grants should be directed to the relevant local authority. To find your local authority, use this search tool.

You will be eligible if:

1. Your business is based in England*

2. Your business is in the retail, hospitality and/or leisure sector

3. Properties that will benefit from the relief will be occupied properties that are wholly or mainly being used:

  • as shops, restaurants, cafes, drinking establishments, cinemas and live music venues
  • for assembly and leisure
  • as hotels, guest and boarding premises and self-catering accommodation


Small Business Grant Funding

The Government is providing additional funding for local authorities to support small businesses that already pay little or no business rates because of small business rate relief (SBRR), rural rate relief (RRR) and tapered relief. This will provide a one-off grant of £10,000 to eligible businesses to help meet their ongoing business costs. 
Eligible businesses will be contacted by their local authority, though some local authorities have decided to operate an applications process.

You will be eligible if:

1. Your business is based in England* AND

2. In receipt of small business rate relief or rural rate relief as of 11 March AND

3. You are a business that occupies property


Statutory Sick Pay Rebate

Employees who follow advice to stay at home and who cannot work as a result will be eligible for statutory sick pay (SSP), even if they are not themselves sick. The Government will bring forward legislation to allow small and medium-sized businesses to reclaim Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) paid for staff sickness absence due to coronavirus. This refund will cover up to 2 weeks’ SSP per eligible employee who has been off work because of coronavirus.

A rebate scheme is being developed with further details provided in due course.

You will be eligible if:

1. Your business is UK based AND

2. Your business is a small or medium sized and employs fewer than 250 employees as of 28 February 2020.


Business Tax Support

All businesses and self-employed people in financial distress, and with outstanding tax liabilities, may be eligible to receive support with their tax affairs through HMRC’s Time To Pay service which is available now. These arrangements are agreed on a case-by-case basis and are tailored to individual circumstances and liabilities.

Covid-19 Corporate Financing Facility

The Covid-19 Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) means that the Bank of England will buy short-term debt from larger companies. This will support companies which are fundamentally strong, but have been affected by a short-term funding squeeze. It will also support corporate finance markets overall and ease the supply of credit to all firms. The scheme will be funded by central bank reserves – in line with other Bank of England market operations. It will operate for at least 12 months, and for as long as steps are needed to relieve cash flow pressures on firms that make a material contribution to the UK economy.

Business Rates Holiday for Nurseries

Nurseries in England will not have to pay business rates for the 2020-21 tax year as local authorities will apply the business rates holiday to your bills.

 Properties that will benefit from the relief will be those occupied by providers on Ofsted’s Early Years Register and are wholly or mainly used for the provision of the Early Years Foundation Stage.

You can estimate the business rate charge using the business rates calculator


VAT Deferral Scheme

VAT registered businesses are being supported by deferring Valued Added Tax (VAT) payments due between 20 March 2020 and 30 June 2020. 

This is an automatic offer with no applications required. UK Registered businesses will not need to make VAT payments normally due with VAT returns during this period. Taxpayers will be given until the end of the 2020-21 tax year to pay any liabilities that have accumulated during the deferral period. VAT refunds and reclaims will be paid by the government as normal.

Customers who normally pay by direct debit should cancel their direct debit with their bank if they are unable to pay. Please do so in sufficient time so that HMRC do not attempt to automatically collect on receipt of your VAT return.


Deferral of Self-Assessment Payment Scheme

The Self- Assessment payment on account, that is ordinarily due to be paid to HMRC by 31 July 2020 may now be deferred until January 2021.

 If you are due to make a self- assessment payment on account on 31 July 2020 then you are eligible for the deferment. The deferment is intended to assist self-assessment taxpayers, including those who are self-employed, who are suffering hardship as a result of the coronavirus.

The deferment is optional and any persons still able to pay their second self-assessment payment on account on 31 July 2020 should still do so.
This is an automatic offer with no applications required. No penalties or interest for late payment will be charged if you defer payment of your July 2020 payment on account until January 2021.

HMRC have also scaled up their Time to Pay offer to all firms and individuals who are in temporary financial distress as a result of coronavirus and have outstanding tax liabilities.

If you would like further help & support then please contact us here and we will happily assist.

Reverse Charge VAT

The reverse charge procedure has been designed by the HMRC to try to counter some forms of criminal attack on the UK VAT system by means of fraud, such as Missing Trader Intra-Community (MTIC) fraud.

The reverse charge procedure results in, essentially, a business-to-business (b2b) tax-neutral chain of transactions, with the seller no longer having to account for VAT, so it removes the opportunity to steal the VAT in b2b transactions within the UK.  Supplies of relevant goods and services remain subject to the reverse charge until they are excepted from the procedure or are exported or dispatched to another Member State.

Whilst the reverse charge effectively removes VAT in a series of b2b transactions, it still has its own revenue risks.  For example, a buyer disappearing without accounting for the reverse charge output tax.

The reverse charge for specified goods does not apply universally throughout the EU.  Therefore, some taxable persons who use the reverse charge might be acting as conduits (taxable persons who facilitate MTIC fraud in the EU, where the tax loss is in another Member State).

The reverse charge: How the reverse charge works – an example

Example 1: From a VAT registered distributor to a retailer to an end consumer

A VAT registered UK distributor of mobile phones sells a number of mobile phones to a VAT registered UK retailer for a VAT-exclusive value of £6,000, an amount that is above the de minimis limit. The distributor does not charge VAT on the supply (£1,200), specifying on its invoice that the reverse charge applies.

The retailer will account for the distributor’s output tax (£1,200) but will also reclaim the amount as input tax, thus producing a nil net effect. The retailer now sells the mobile phones to members of the general public, charging VAT on the supply as normal.

Example 2: From a VAT registered distributor through a series of wholesalers to final dispatch

A distributor sells a number of mobile phones to a wholesaler (WS1) for a VAT-exclusive value of £6,000, an amount that is above the de minimis limit. The distributor does not charge VAT on the supply (£1,200), specifying on its invoice that the reverse charge applies.

WS1 will account for the distributor’s output tax (£1,200) but will reclaim the tax as input tax, thus producing a nil net effect. WS1 now sells the mobile phones to another wholesaler (WS2) for a VAT-exclusive value of £7,000. WS1 does not charge VAT on the supply (£1,400), specifying on its invoice that the reverse charge applies.

WS2 will account for WS1’s output tax (£1,400) but will reclaim the tax as input tax, thus producing a nil net effect. WS2 now sells the mobile phones to a third wholesaler (WS3) for a VAT-exclusive value of £8,000. WS2 does not charge VAT on the supply (£1,600), specifying on its invoice that the reverse charge applies.

WS3 will account for WS2’s output tax (£1,600) but will reclaim the tax as input tax, thus producing a nil net effect. WS3 now sells the mobile phones to a taxable person registered for VAT in another Member State for a VAT-exclusive value of £9,000. WS3 does not charge VAT on the supply as this becomes zero-rated.

If we look at how this would translate onto the VAT returns, we have:

                                                Distributor        WS1                 WS2                 WS3

Reverse charge output tax*       £0                    £1,200              £1,400              £1,600

Input Tax*                                £0                    £1,200              £1,400              £1,600

Net Tax                                    £0                    £0                    £0                    £0

Outputs                                    £6,000              £7,000              £8,000              £9,000

Inputs                                       £0                    £6,000              £7,000              £8,000

The above assumes that the distributor made no purchases and WS 1-3 made no other purchases or supplies.

Useful Excel shortcuts you need in your life!

Nowadays life is so fast paced that we could all do with more time to get things done, so anything that can be streamlined should be! These really handy Excel shortcuts will save you some precious minutes (or hours!) so you can fit in the more important things.

There are tons of shortcuts in Excel, but here are the most frequently used ones:

Navigation Shortcuts

These simple shortcuts can help you navigate between workbooks, sheets, rows and columns:

Move up through a selectionShift + Enter (PC and Mac)
Jump to the top of a columnCTRL + ↑ (PC); Command + ↑ (Mac)
Jump to the bottom of a columnCTRL + ↓ (PC); Command + ↓ (Mac)
Jump to the corner of a selection (Note: Rotate to each corner by repeating this keystroke)CTRL + . (PC and Mac)
Close the active workbook windowCTRL + w (PC); Command + W (Mac)
Switch to previous workbook windowCTRL + Shift + F6 (PC); Command + Shift + F6 (Mac)
Switch to the next open worksheetCTRL + Tab (Mac only)
Switch to the previous open worksheet (Mac)CTRL + Shift + Tab (Mac only)
Start a new chart sheetF11 (PC and Mac)
Insert a new sheetShift + F11 (PC and Mac)
Repeat the last actionCTRL + y (PC); Command + Y (Mac)
Fill selected cell with the content in the cell above selected cellCTRL + d (PC and Mac)
Fill selected cell with the content in the cell to the left of selected cellCTRL + r (PC and Mac)

Format Shortcuts

Formatting in Excel can be difficult if you don’t know of what you’re doing. Here are a few shortcuts that will help you easily format your cells. To start, here’s a featured formatting shortcut you might not have known about:

Excel Strikethrough Shortcut

The Excel strikethrough shortcut will strike a line through the middle of the value or text in a highlighted cell. To strike a line through a cell, highlight the cell and press CTRL + 5 on your keyboard.


Find and replace values
CTRL + F (PC); Command + F (Mac)
Show all values as percentagesCTRL + Shift + % (PC and Mac)
Show all values as currency (Note: Replace $ with your own country’s currency key)CTRL + Shift + $ (PC and Mac)
Show all values in general number formatCTRL + Shift + ~ (PC and Mac)
Apply or remove bold formatting to selected cellsCTRL + 2 (PC); Command + b (Mac)
Apply or remove italic formatting to selected cellsCTRL + 3 (PC); Command + i (Mac)
Hide selected rowsCTRL + 9 (PC and Mac)
Unhide selected rowsCTRL + Shift + ( (PC and Mac)
Hide selected columnsCTRL + 0 (PC and Mac)
Unhide selected columnsCTRL + Shift + ) (PC and Mac)
Insert current dateCTRL + ; (PC and Mac)
Insert current timeCTRL + Shift + : (PC); Command + ; (Mac)
Insert a hyperlinkCTRL + k (PC); Command + k (Mac)
Apply an outline border to selected cells (see screenshot below)CTRL + Shift + & (PC); Command + Option + 0 (Mac)

Shortcuts for Selecting Rows & Columns

Save yourself the manual dragging and selecting rows and columns with these handy keyboard tricks. To start, here are two featured rows-related shortcuts you might not have known about:

Excel Insert Row Shortcut

The insert row shortcut in Excel will create a new row below a highlighted cell. To insert a new row, highlight a cell or entire row and press CTRL + Shift + + on your keyword, literally pressing the plus sign after Shift. This will open a small window of options where you can insert a new row or column.

 Expand the selection by one cell either upward (↑) or downward (↓)Shift + ↑ [or] Shift + ↓ (PC and Mac)
Expand the selection to the last non-empty cellCTRL + Shift + Arrow Key (PC); Command + Shift + Arrow Key (Mac)
Select entire columnCTRL + [spacebar] (PC and Mac)
Select entire rowShift + [spacebar] (PC and Mac)
Select entire sheetCTRL + a (PC); Command + a (Mac)
Select only the visible cells in the current selectionAlt + ; (PC); Command + Shift + z (Mac)

Formula Shortcuts

Start a formula (e.g. “=A4+A5”)= (i.e. press the “equals” sign; PC and Mac)
Insert AutoSum formulaAlt + (PC); Command + Shift + t (Mac)
Edit active cellF2 (PC); CTRL + u (Mac)
Display the Formula Builder after you type a valid function name in a formulaCTRL + a (PC and Mac)

Miscellaneous Shortcuts

Here are a few more time-saving shortcuts. To start, here’s a final featured shortcut for managing the size of your Excel worksheet:

Excel Delete Row Shortcut

The Excel delete row shortcut will delete the row below a highlighted cell. To delete this row, highlight a cell or entire row and press CTRL + – on your keyboard, literally pressing the minus sign after CTRL. This will open a small window of options where you can “shift cells up.”

Save your work as…Control + Shift + s (PC); Command + Shift + s (Mac)
Open spelling & grammar checkF7 (PC and Mac)
Insert a comment (see screenshot below)Shift + F2 (PC and Mac)

If you would like more time to concentrate onyour business and less on paperwork then let us look after your bookkeeping and keep your finances on track by calling Smarties Bookkeeping on 0117 9000 895or emailing info@smartiesbookkeeping.co.ukor alternatively, by using our contact page on our website: http://smartiesbookkeeping.co.uk/contact/